What is fracking?

Simply put, fracking allows companies to produce more oil and natural gas. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Texas’ annual oil production increased by over 225 percent from 2007 to 2017 thanks to fracking. The process involves injecting water deep into the ground to crack rock, which allows more oil or natural gas to flow. On average, the process only takes about three to five days to complete. Once the well is “completed," it is ready to produce oil and natural gas for years to come.